EU KLEMS – Linked Data 2008 Release
The data on this page are additional industry level indicators, mainly aggregated from firm level data. For a short overview of the methodology and results of the Linked Data 2008 release, please refer to: Mary O'Mahony, EU KLEMS Linked Data, Sources and Methods, University of Birmingham, November 2008.
Sources and methods:
The data below is divided into four parts. The data vary in their country, time period and industry coverage.
In economics, the purposeful search for innovations has become a prominent feature of growth theories. Innovation is hard to measure, in particular because the output of innovation processes has a strongly intangible nature. Concerning output indicators, patent statistics are often used, in particular in manufacturing. The Patents data listed below is presented in two formats. The basic file presents the 25 countries for the period 1970-1999 with the highest level of detail, whereas the industry classification of the additional file corresponds to the level of aggregation applied in the additional files of the EU KLEMS dataset.
|Country||Basic Patent file||Additional Patent file|
|All available countries||Patents||Patents add|
Innovation indicators can be classified according to their focus on either inputs or outputs. With regard to input indicators, Research & Development (R&D) statistics are still the most widely employed. R&D indicators like those described here allow for analyses investigating to what extent the differences in productivity growth rates across countries as evident from the core EU KLEMS data can be explained by differences in investments in innovative activity. Like the productivity data, our R&D data have been compiled at the industry level. The data covers R&D stocks for 19 countries for the period 1980-2003.
|All available countries||R&D Stock|
The firm level projects financed by the OECD, the World Bank, and various grants of EU member countries, have generated micro-aggregated data that form the basis of the datasets delivered to the EU-KLEMS project. The work made use of a common analytical framework and was conducted by active experts in each of the countries. The framework involves the harmonization, to the extent possible, of key concepts (e.g. entry, exit, or the definition of the unit of measurement) as well as the definition of common methodologies for studying firm-level data. The data covers the 12 countries listed below. The time coverage of DMD data vary by country but mostly cover the 1980s and the early to mid 1990s but some extend as far forward as 2004.
Industry level indicators of market structure (concentration and average age of firms) were derived by aggregating information from company accounts using the Amadeus database. This database contains information on about 120,000 companies in the EU-25, and so the primary advantage of using this resource is its extensive country coverage. The number of firms varies considerably by country with the highest coverage in the UK followed by Germany, France, Italy and Spain. The data covers the period from 1997 to 2006 for the countries listed below.
This project is funded by the European Commission, Research Directorate General as part of the 6th Framework Programme, Priority 8, "Policy Support and Anticipating Scientific and Technological Needs".
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